It is one of the most famous regions of Italy and attracts visitors from all over the world. A treasure trove of historical and artistic relics, it has seen the birth and operation of some of the most important artists of the Renaissance and beyond.
Much of its territory is hilly, but it is also rich in vast fields, protected parks, waterfalls and vineyards.
Bathed to the north by the Ligurian Sea and to the south by the Tyrrhenian Sea, it boasts 230 kilometers of coastline and also seven spectacular islands of the Tuscan Archipelago containing Elba, Isola del Giglio, Montecristo, Capraia, Pianosa, Giannutri and Gorgona, which offer many opportunities for those who love the sea.To the north of the Tuscan coast, Versilia, bordered by the Apuan Alps, offers wonderful views of the sea. To the South we meet the Etruscan coast, between Livorno and Piombino, with a clean, transparent sea and a rich history. To the south of the region lies the Maremma, famous for its seaside activities, trekking and Etruscan, Roman and medieval historical ruins.
The region is surrounded by the Apennine Mountains, but the hills are the true heart of Tuscany.
The enchanting Colline del Chianti (Chianti Hills) and its flourishing vineyards are a strong attraction for tourists from all over the world, for the sweetness of the landscapes, the history, the mild climate, good food and of course the excellent wine. They stretch for about 20 km, between the provinces of four of the most important and visited Tuscan cities, Florence, Siena, Pisa and Arezzo.
The Sweet Valley Between Florence and Siena
The gentle valleys that open between the slopes are jewels of nature and culture. The Val D’Elsa, which takes its name from the river that cuts through it, is located between Florence and Siena and is dotted with characteristic historic villages. In ancient times it was inhabited by the Etruscans, of which numerous testimonies remain and in medieval times with the construction of the via Francigena, it became an important economic, political and military hub.
Val di Chiana
The Val di Chiana is divided between the provinces of Siena and Arezzo and extends to some municipalities in Umbria between Perugia and Terni. Thanks to the fertility of its lands, it has always been considered il granaio dell’Etruria (granary of Etruria). Its importance in Etruscan times has been shown by the high number of archeological sites found in Arezzo. The historic artifacts discovered in this area range from prehistory to the period of the Roman Republic and subsequently to the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Since ancient times the Val di Chiana has distinguished itself for the production of fine wines and now for chianina, a breed of white cow once used as a working animal and now raised for its meat.
South of Tuscany, between the provinces of Siena and Grosseto, between hills, medieval villages, vineyards and olive groves, dotted with castles, abbeys and ancient bridges, lies the Val D’Orcia, recognized in 2004 by UNESCO as a cultural heritage site for its enchanting agricultural landscape and historical buildings linked to the ancient via Francigena. Pienza is a shining example of the region’s well preserved Renaissance character.
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