The Campania region is in southern Italy bordering Lazio and Molise in the north and Puglia and Basilicata in the south east, regions also rich in natural and artistic beauty. To the west it overlooks the Tyrrhenian Sea. Partenopee Islands, Ischia, Capri, Procida, Vivara and Nisida belong to this territory. Mainly hilly, the innermost area is crossed by the Campanian Apennines. The most important plains are those to the north, crossed by the Garigliano and Volturno rivers and further south those crossed by the river Sele and Sarno. Campania is certainly the best known and most emblematic area of Southern Italy. Its villages, flavors, culture, songs and people have strongly influenced the image most foreigners have of Italy.
The human history of this region goes back thousands of years. It is truly the heart of the Mediterranean and therefore a crossroad of people, business, and conquests, that for millennia have formed its unique and complex identity.
From the splendors of Magna Grecia where the occupying Greek culture was actually adopted by Italians, which has left its mark in architecture, food and arts for the centuries that followed.
Naples is the capital and symbol of this land, a city that makes anyone who visits it fall in love, in spite of the stereotypes and prejudices of which it is too often made the object. The historic center of Naples, also a World Heritage Site, is a swarm of history and art. On the Greek-Roman route of the city, which has remained unchanged, there are historical churches, sumptuous stately buildings, obelisks, monasteries, monuments, overlapping centuries of history in which to immerse yourself. Here you are surrounded by the flavors, colors and sounds of the city.
All around Naples you find smaller towns also rich in history and very important artifacts. For example Benevento, the birthplace of the famous patron of Naples, San Gennaro, still retains the important remains of a glorious past such as the arch of Trajan, the Roman theater, the church of Santa Sofia, a UNESCO Heritage Site, and the Rocca dei Rettori, the beautiful castle that dominates the city from above.
A few kilometers from Naples, we find two important testimonies, unique in the world, of how life went on in the days of ancient Rome. In Pompeii and Herculaneum, time dramatically stopped 2000 years ago, with the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD. It paralyzed the two cities and the entombed buildings, famous frescoes, mosaics and furnishings transport us into the daily life of these civilizations that are so distant in time and so fascinating.
Salerno, as well as enjoying the enviable proximity to the Amalfi Coast, is also a splendid town with a beautiful promenade and a wonderfully preserved historic center. The main attraction is the Cathedral which preserves the remains of San Matteo, apostle of Christ and patron of the city.
Paestum and Caserta
A little further south, in Cilento, you’ll find Paestum with its intriguing temples. It is instead a splendid testimony of ancient Greek civilization. All these archaeological sites are also UNESCO World Heritage Sites, and so is the Royal Palace of Caserta, which takes us back in time to the splendor of the Bourbon court, when Naples was the thriving capital of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. A few kilometers from the palace, we can admire the splendid medieval village of Caserta Vecchia which, together with the Carolingian aqueduct and the enchanting village of San Leucio, is among the main attractions of this area.
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